Display-P3 color space includes vivid colors that aren’t available in sRGB.

sRGB versus Display-P3

CSS Color Module Level 4 introduced syntax to use Display-P3 color space on the web:

color: color(display-p3 1 0.5 0)

The previously available syntax defined colors in sRGB color space. hsl(42, 70%, 50%), rgb(3, 5, 11), #abc — all of these colors are in the sRGB color space.

Display-P3 is a superset of sRGB. It’s around 35% larger:

sRGB outline

The white line shows the edge of sRGB. Everything on its top right is Display-P3 colors not available in sRGB. Note how greens is greatly expanded while blues aren’t nearly as much.

Browser support

WebKit has had support for Display-P3 color since 2016 (r207442). The following browsers support Display-P3 color:

  • Safari on macOS Mojave and newer
  • Safari on iOS 11 and newer

WebKit is the only browser engine that supports Display-P3 color as of January 2020.

Graceful degradation

One way to provide a fallback is to include the same property with the sRGB color before:

header {
    color: rgb(0, 255, 0);
    color: color(display-p3 0 1 0);
}

Browsers other than WebKit currently parse color(...) as invalid value. CSS properties with invalid values are ignored by the browsers.

Alternatively, you can use @supports feature query. This is particularly useful when defining variables with colors:

/* sRGB color. */
:root {
    --bright-green: rgb(0, 255, 0);
}

/* Display-P3 color, when supported. */
@supports (color: color(display-p3 1 1 1)) {
    :root {
        --bright-green: color(display-p3 0 1 0);
    }
}

header {
    color: var(--bright-green);
}

Hardware support

  • iPhone 7 and newer
  • MacBook Pro (since 2016)
  • iMac (since 2015)
  • iPad Pro (since 2016)
  • LG UltraFine 5K Display

There are also numerous devices that support Display-P3 color space but currently have no browsers that support Display-P3 in CSS:

  • Google Pixel 2 XL
  • Google Pixel 3
  • HTC U11+
  • OnePlus 6

More devices that support Display-P3 are listed on Wikipedia.

Hardware support can be detected with a media query in CSS:

@media (color-gamut: p3) {
    
}

And JavaScript:

if (window.matchMedia("(color-gamut: p3)").matches) {
    }

Web Inspector

Starting Safari Technology Preview 97, Web Inspector includes P3-capable color picker:

The white line draws the edge sRGB color space. All colors on the top right of it are only available in Display-P3 color space.

Right-clicking the color square shows an option to convert to sRGB color space:

Clamp to sRGB

When the color is within sRGB color space, “Convert to sRGB” menu item is displayed. When it outside — “Clamp to sRGB”.

Web Inspector also includes context menus to convert sRGB colors to Display-P3:

Convert to Display-P3

Closing thoughts

CSS has syntax to define colors in Display-P3 color space, which includes vivid colors previously not available in sRGB. Many modern displays cover 100% of the P3 color standard. Web Inspector now includes P3-capable color picker.

You can start using Display-P3 colors on your websites and web views today. It only takes a couple of lines of code to provide a backward compatible sRGB color.

If you have any feedback, reach me out on Twitter. You can also send general comments to the @webkit Twitter account.

Further reading





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